The 3rd International Conference On Fisheries and Marine
Fisheries and Marine Science Faculty, Khairun University
Ternate, 17th to 19th May 2022
Stregthening Technology and Sustainable Coastal Management, Responding to the Challenges of Food, Energy, and Global Climate Crisis
The geographical position of the eastern region of Indonesia, where is in the scope of the world’s coral triangle, creates a huge contribution in the context of biodiversity both at marine and terrestrial ecosystem. Mangrove forest, coral reefs, seagrass beds and various biotas such as dugongs, walking sharks, whale species, dolphins, sea turtles and hundreds of reef fish provide not only ecological services but also important elements in increasing the income and welfare of coastal communities. This extraordinary marine and fisheries potential makes Indonesia one of the world’s hot-spot of biodiversity. Nevertheless, anthropogenic activities and climate change have become a serious threat to species richness, both fauna and flora, which have become the economic foundation of coastal communities in the future. Therefore, the management of marine and fishery resources is deemed necessary to be carried out in an appropriate, directed and integrated manner between conventional management and the use of appropriate technology.
The management of coastal resources is expected to be able to provide the maximum benefit to the community while still prioritizing the sustainability of the available coastal resources. Development in coastal areas can improve the quality of life and create jobs. Therefore, coastal areas and small islands should be managed in an integrated and sustainable manner. Climate change is certainly very influential on 60 % of Indonesia’s population living in coastal areas that are potentially threatened with food security and their sustainable life. The phenomenon of over fishing which causes a decrease in fish stocks and can provide the impacts to livelhoods of coastal community. Subsequently, global warming has affected sea level rises, coral bleaching and loss of biodiversity are real forms of climate change. This is a very serious threat so that sustainable development is needed to support coastal community welfare.
High rainfall that occurs almost throughout the year makes coastal areas more vulnerable to the effects of extreme climate change, which can reduce food crop production by up to 60 to70 %. Climate change also has the potential to reduce the area of agricultural land due to seawater intrusion into coastal areas, the area becomes submerged by sea water. Climate change also appears in the form of an increase in sea level, such conditions have the potential to increase the salinity (salt) of the soil around the coast. As an archipelagic country, Indonesia has a very long coastline and stretch of about 81,000 kilometers, so that the shrinkage of agricultural land due to rising sea levels is very wide. One of the impacts of global climate change is the shift in the start of the rainy season, which has a tremendous impact on farmers and fishermen.
Derivative impacts cause damage to coral reefs (coral bleaching) and weakening of the coral aragonite structure, submersion or shifting of mangrove formations towards the mainland, algae heating, decreased fish reproductive ability, changes in the sex ratio in turtles and changes in the composition of the species assembly. Local anticipating to reduce climate change is almost useless, so coastal and ocean area managers must immediately adapt to global climate change. This change affects climate parameters in such conditions marine resources play an important role in regulating the climate. Furthermore, global warming is thought to have changed global, regional and local climatic conditions, which will affect at least three climate elements and natural components that are closely related to agriculture, namely: (a) rising air temperatures which also have an impact on other climate elements, especially humidity and dynamics of the atmosphere, (b) changing rainfall patterns, (c) increasing intensity of extreme climate events (climate anomalies) such as ENSO (El Nino Southern Oscillation) and IOD (Indian Ocean Dipole) and (d) rising sea levels due to melting of icebergs in the north pole. In addition to reducing productivity, especially due to floods and droughts, shifting seasons and increasing the intensity of extreme climate events, global warming also causes shrinkage and fluctuations in planting area and increases the possibility of harvest failure, especially for food crops and other seasonal crops. Therefore, climate change and extreme climate events such as ENSO and IOD will generally threaten national food security and agricultural sustainability.
- Developing important issues in research and utilization of marine fisheries resources in coastal areas.
- Increasing research collaboration of experts in the field of fisheries, marine science and technology.
- Providing an overview for policy makers related to the potential resources in coastal areas.
- Establishing a collaborative network of national and international scientist.
- Increasing the achievement of scientific publications with international reputation.
- Climate Change & Disaster Management
- Marine Pollution & Ecotoxicology
- Fisheries and Marine Biotecnology
- Sustainable Aquaculture
- Renewable Energy
- Sustainable Capture Fisheries
- Fisheries Processing and Food Security
- Fisheries and Marine Geographical Information System (GIS)
- Marine Conservation and Ecotourims
- Marine Law and Ocean Policy
- Marine Culture and Heritage Silk Road
Publication of Conference Results
All accepted articles/manuscripts will be published
in IOP Conference Series of Earth and Environmental Sciences
(a SCOPUS Indexed Publication)